Maryland

Maryland


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Prior to European settlement, Maryland was populated by several Indian tribes. In 1649, Maryland passed a landmark act guaranteeing religious toleration to people of all Christian faiths.Another settlement was started by William Claiborne of Virginia, on Kent Island in Chesapeake Bay. The boundary issues between Maryland and Virginia were not finally settled until the Constitutional Convention that met in 1787.Maryland warmly supported independence during the Revolutionary War, although relatively little fighting took place on its soil. In fact, Maryland exceeded the recommendations of the First Continental Congress when the decided to form a militia. During the War of 1812, the British attack on Fort McHenry in Baltimore Harbor inspired Francis Scott Key to compose "The Star Spangled Banner."Following the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, many people supported the American Party ("Know-Nothing Party") rather than either the increasingly proslavery Democrats or the antislavery Republicans. The party`s official candidate, Millard Fillmore, carried only the state of Maryland.Geographically, Maryland was a Southern state and when Southern states began to secede in 1861, a decision to join the Confederacy would have made Washington untenable as the Union capital. Several major battles, including Antietam, were fought in Maryland. The state abolished slavery in 1864.During the national debate on Prohibition, Marylanders were in the forefront of opposition. A newspaper editor consequently coined the nickname "Free State" for Maryland, which remains in some use today.


What Was Discovered Inside An Abandoned Maryland Asylum Will Give You Chills

There are quite a few people that have a fascination with abandoned places. Whether it’s a curiosity into the history of what happened there, or spooky tales that become associated with a certain spot, deserted places draw intrigue. Today, we’re taking a look at one of the most infamous abandoned spots in Maryland.

Forest Haven was opened in 1925. With a chapel, theater, gym, and doctors and dentists on site, it seemed like a haven for children and adults with intellectual disabilities. Patients could get 24/7 care and take advantage of the sprawling campus full of things to occupy their time. However, as the years progressed, the institution became overcrowded and there weren’t enough doctors and nurses to go around. Patients became neglected, abused, and dozens perished from aspiration pneumonia. After the horrific living conditions became public, Forest Haven was shut down in 1991.

Thanks to technology and urban exploring, we can now see what it’s like inside abandoned buildings without even leaving the house. Youtube user Your purks captured footage of the infamous Forest Haven in Laurel, Maryland. This eerie spot was previously included on our own Ultimate Terrifying Maryland Road Trip. Below, we’ve included a few screenshots from the Youtube footage, followed by the entire video which is over 18 minutes in length. Accompanied with chilling music, dimly-lit rooms, and unnerving medical supplies, we recommend watching the footage the entire way through.


Maryland - History

T he ongoing Maryland State Archives publication series, Archives of Maryland Online, currently provides access to over 471,000 historical documents that form the constitutional, legal, legislative, judicial, and administrative basis of Maryland's government. Online access enables users to research such topics as Maryland's constitutions and constitutional conventions' proceedings, session laws, proceedings of the General Assembly, governors' papers, and military records. This project allows the Archives to place into electronic form and preserve for future generations records that are scattered among a number of repositories and that often exist only on rapidly disintegrating paper.
T he Information Technology Fund of the State of Maryland provided initial funding for the online Archives of Maryland . Additional funding comes from annual appropriations and private contributions. See Project History and Description for additional background as well as technical details and staff.

This section of the Archives of Maryland Online provides direct links to essays and monographs that were written expressly for or are based on the resources of AOMOL. They introduce, interpret, and/or enhance the primary sources contained in AOMOL.

  • PHRASE SEARCHING - the Archives of Maryland Online search engine now supports phrase searching. Click here to find out more.
  • Basic help
  • glossary of historical terms
  • information on printing images
  • information on site navigation
  • information on viewing images
  • volumes requiring a password for access
  • "jump to page" - The "jump to page" option only works for pages within one section. i.e. preface, main, index.


This web site is presented for reference purposes under the doctrine of fair use. When this material is used, in whole or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the Maryland State Archives. PLEASE NOTE: The site may contain material from other sources which may be under copyright. Rights assessment, and full originating source citation, is the responsibility of the user.


History

The area’s earliest human occupation is accepted as having been by roving hunters about 10,000 bce , as the Pleistocene ice sheet made its final retreat. The records of this pre-Archaic, fluted-blade culture, which left only the points of its weapons, remain imprecise. Later, the numerous Eastern Archaic populations practiced agriculture and feasted on seafood. By 1000 ce the Archaic culture had developed into the Woodland, notable for concentrated villages and elaborate ceremonial practices. This culture continued into the period of European settlement. At that time the tribes of Maryland were Algonquian in language and politics, but they were under pressure from the Iroquois to the northwest, especially the Susquehannock in the nearby Susquehanna River valley. The English promise of support in those wars greatly smoothed relations in the early colonial years.


Maryland

The first people to live in what’s now Maryland arrived at least 13,000 years ago, though humans may have been in the area as many as 21,000 years ago. Archaeologists know this because they’ve found arrowheads, beads, and other ancient items in and around Maryland’s Chesapeake Bay. Centuries layer Native American tribes lived in the region, including the Lenape, Nanticoke, Powhatan, Susquehannock, and Shawnee tribes.

In 1608 Captain John Smith became one of the first Europeans to arrive in the area. Then in 1632 Englishman George Calvert was given permission by the king of England to establish the colony of Maryland (though George died before settling the colony his son Cecilius organized the expedition of colonists instead.) Yet British rule wouldn’t last: Maryland signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776. After the United States won the Revolutionary War in 1783, Annapolis, Maryland, became the new country’s capital—but for less than a year. Maryland was made the seventh U.S. state in 1788, and gave up part of its land two years later to help create Washington, D.C.

In 1850 Maryland would become an important part of the Underground Railroad thanks to Harriet Tubman, a Maryland native who fled the state to escape slavery but returned to rescue and lead others to freedom.

Eleven years later, tensions between northern and southern states, particularly over slavery, led to the Civil War. Although Maryland was just south of the Mason-Dixon Line—the name for the border between Pennsylvania and Maryland, which was considered the line dividing the North and South—it sided with the Union in the North. The war’s bloodiest battle, Antietam, took place in Sharpsburg, Maryland. In 1864 slavery was finally abolished in Maryland.

WHY’S IT CALLED THAT?

Maryland was named after Queen Henrietta Maria of England. She was married to King Charles I, who granted permission for Maryland to become a colony.

Legend has it that Maryland’s nicknamed the Old Line State in honor of 400 Revolutionary War soldiers who faced off against 10,000 British soldiers in a battle in 1776. These soldiers, which were called the “Maryland Line,” held off the British just long enough to allow the rest of the American army—lead by George Washington—to escape.


Early History of Native Americans in Maryland

The names of the Maryland tribes included the Lenape, Nanticoke, Piscataway, Conoy, Powhatan, Accohannock, Shawnee, Susquehannock, Tutelo and Saponi tribes.

Maryland was inhabited by Indians as early as circa 10,000 BC Permanent Indian villages were established by circa AD 1000.The Paleo-Indians who came more than 10,000 years ago from other parts of North America to hunt mammoth, great bison and caribou. By 1,000 BC, Maryland had more than 8,000 Native Americans in about 40 different tribes. Most of them spoke Algonquian languages.

These Native Americans lived in permanent communities where corn, beans, and squash were raised. They also hunted, fished, and harvested native plants to supplement their farming. Their homes, called longhouses, were usually located along the region's rivers and streams. They also hunted, fished and traded with tribes as far away as New York and Ohio.

We do not know what the Native Americans called the Chesapeake Bay. That name came from the Native American word "Chesepiuk," an Algonquian name for a village that the Roanoke, Virginia colonists discovered in 1585 near the mouth of the Bay. Later, mapmakers used the word to name the Bay. People have said that Chesapeake means "great salt water" or "great shellfish bay," but no records exist to verify those definitions.


Most of the tribal communities left the area as European settlers arrived in the 17th century. But these early inhabitants gave their names to many of Maryland's rivers, towns, and counties.


Oral Histories

The oral history collection includes transcripts, audio- and/or video- cassettes of interviews, and photographs of interviewees. Material related to the following projects can be found in the library:

  • African-American Communities (Baltimore Co.)
  • African-American Communities (Baltimore Co.)
  • Aviation Centennial
  • B&O Railroad
  • Berkley Crossroads (Harford Co.)
  • Burgess Americana Museum (Somerset Co.)
  • BUILD: Baltimoreans United in Leadership Development, Continuing the Legacy of Maryland's Civil Rights Movement
  • Bethel AME Church (Kent Co.)
  • Camp Meetings (Montgomery County)
  • Canal Place (Allegany Co.)
  • Cherry Hill (Baltimore City)
  • Coal Heritage (Allegany Co.)
  • Hagerstown Railroad
  • Joe Waters Coalyard (Baltimore City)
  • Lexington Manor "Flat Tops" (St. Mary’s Co.)
  • Lighthouses
  • Long Island Farm (Baltimore Co.)
  • Middle River (Baltimore Co.)
  • North Brentwood (Prince George’s Co.)
  • Parkers Creek (Calvert Co.)
  • Patapsco Heritage Greenway
  • Pleasant Grove Baptist Church (Charles Co.)
  • Principio Furnace (Cecil Co.)
  • Shantyboats
  • Smith Island (Somerset Co.)
  • Smith Island Dialect (Somerset Co.)
  • Tobacco (Calvert County)
  • Todd's Inheritance (Baltimore Co.)
  • Weems Creek (Anne Arundel Co.)
  • Wilson Road (Calvert Co.)

Learn more about the Oral History Collection and additional resources here: https://mht.maryland.gov/research_oralhistory.shtml

SPECIAL: Online Resources Compiled by the MHT Library

All material relating to Maryland's archaeological sites is accessible only to qualified researchers who have applied for, been approved, and received a password for a Medusa account. To request an account, go to https://mht.maryland.gov/secure/medusa/RequestUserAccount.aspx.

Special Information for Consultants


CURRENT QUALIFYING ANCESTORS

Current members represent the following ancestors. Shown for reference are the counties in and years by which each first settled in Maryland.

Robert Abell (St. Mary's Co., 1650)

Richard Ackworth (Somerset Co., 1666)

John Baldwin Adamson (Prince George’s Co., 1726)

Col. John Addison (Charles Co., 1692)

James Alexander (Cecil Co., 1714)

James Alexander (Somerset Co., 1678)

Joseph Alexander (Cecil Co., 1714)

Moses Alexander (Cecil Co., 1714)

Samuel Alexander (Cecil Co., 1714)

Thomas Allanson (Charles Co., 1663)

Rodham Allen (Charles Co., 1742*)

Hugh Allison Sr. (Baltimore Co., 1767*)

William Amos, Sr. (Baltimore Co., 1715)

Mans Anderson (Baltimore Co., 1662)

William Anderson (Anne Arundel Co., 1670)

Francis Armstrong (Calvert Co., 1657)

Susanna Asfordby (Prince George’s Co., 1731)

George Athey (Calvert Co., 1668)

Benjamin Aydelott (Somerset Co., 1687)

William Ayers (Anne Arundel Co., 1653)

Maurice Baker (Anne Arundel Co., 1685)

Dr. Luke Barber (St. Mary's Co., 1654)

Joseph Bardell (Baltimore Co., 1755*)

Ninian Beall (Calvert Co. , 1652)

Col. Ninian Beall (Anne Arundel Co., 1699)

Ninian Beall (Prince George's Co. , 1702)

Easter Beckett (Prince George's Co. , 1712)

Richard Bennett (Worcester Co., 1675)

Henry Bennington (Baltimore Co. 1700)

Henry Bennington (Harford Co. 1700)

Dr. Samuel Berry (Charles Co., 1667)

Francis Billingsley (Calvert Co., 1650)

Francis Billingsley (Calvert Co., 1678)

Robert Birchfield Sr. (Baltimore Co., 1710)

Ebenezer Blackiston (Cecil Co., 1671)

William Blackiston (Kent Co., 1721)

John Board (Anne Arundel Co., 1716)

William Bradshaw (Somerset Co., 1681)

Benjamin Brashear (Calvert Co. 1663)

Robert Brashear (Calvert Co., 1665)

John Brayfield (Charles Co., 1703)

Isaiah Bredell (Somerset Co., 1710)

Giles Brent (St. Mary's Co., 1639)

Dr. John Briscoe (St. Mary’s Co., 1634)

Robert Brooke (Calvert Co., 1655)

Gov. Robert Brooke (Charles Co., 1650)

Gov. Robert Brooke (St. Mary's Co., 1650)

John Broughton (Somerset Co., 1688)

Edward Brown (Baltimore Co., 1734)

Edward Brown V (Kent Co., 1655)

Dr. Gustavus Brown (Charles Co., 1708)

John Baptist Buckman (Charles Co., 1718)

Joseph Bullitt (Charles Co., 1660)

Col. William Burgess (Anne Arundel Co., 1650)

Thomas Butler (St. Mary's Co. (Kent Isle), 1642)

John Byrn (Calvert Co., 1720)

William Caine (Baltimore Co., 1686)

Sir George Calvert, First Lord Baltimore (St. Mary's Co., 1647)

Leonard Calvert (St. Mary's Co., 1633/4)

Edmund Cartledge (Frederick Co., 1733)

Richard Caswell (Baltimore Co., 1712)

William Cecil (Prince George’s Co., 1665)

John Chaires (Somerset Co., 1666)

Richard Cheney (Anne Arundel Co., 1662)

Richard Cheney, Sr. (Anne Arundel Co., 1652)

Anne (Ayers) Chew (Anne Arundel Co., 1658)

John Chew (Calvert Co., 1649)

Samuel Chew (Anne Arundel Co., 1661)

Capt. Thomas Claggett (Calvert Co., 1674)

Thomas Claggett, Jr. (Calvert Co., 1685)

Col. William Claibourne (Queen Anne's (Kent Isle), 1631)

William Claibourne (St. Mary's Co., 1652)

Robert Clarke, Surveyor General (St. Mary's Co., 1637)

Anders Clementsson (Cecil Co., 1661)

William Coale (Anne Arundel Co. 1667)

St. Ledger Codd (Cecil Co., 1688)

John Cole (Baltimore Co., 1669)

John Cole (Baltimore Co., 1697)

Jane Corbin (Baltimore Co., 1746*)

Lane Corbin (Baltimore Co., 1750*)

William Crabtree, Sr. (Baltimore Co., 1706)

William Crabtree (Baltimore Co., 1718)

Thomas Cresap (Harford Co., 1710)

James Dashiell (Somerset Co., 1663)

Robert Davidge (Anne Arundel, 1669)

Donnack Dennis (Somerset Co., 1673)

John Dent (St. Mary's Co., 1679)

John Dent, Sr. (St. Mary's Co., 1650)

Thomas Dent Esq. (St. Mary's Co., 1660)

Michael Disharoon (Somerset Co., 1690)

James Ditto (Baltimore Co., 1712)

Col. Edward Dorsey, Sr. (Anne Arundel Co., 1650)

Edward Dorsey, Jr. (Anne Arundel Co., 1664)

Enoch Doughty (Charles Co., 1661)

Rev. Francis Doughty (Charles Co., 1659)

Col. John Douglas (Charles Co., 1659)

John Douthit Sr. (Prince George’s Co., 1733)

Dennis Driskill/Driskael (Somerset Co., 1695)

Moses Driskill (Somerset Co., 1722)

David Dryden (Somerset Co., 1689)

William Dryden (Somerset Co., 1734)

Richard Duke (St. Mary's Co., 1634)

Mareen Duval (Anne Arundel Co., 1655)

Mareen Duval (Anne Arundel Co., 1678)

Mareen Duval III (Prince George’s Co., 1703)

William Elder (Prince George's Co., 1707)

William Elgate (Somerset Co., 1685)

Robert Ellyson (St. Mary's Co., 1643)

Hendricks Enloes (Baltimore Co., 1673)

John Estep (Anne Arundel Co., 1738*)

Mrs. Mary Estep (Anne Arundel Co., 1730)

Samuel Estep (Frederick Co., 1760*)

Thomas Estep Sr. (Anne Arundel Co., 1730)

John Evans (Somerset Co., 1665)

Col. Gerard Fawke (Charles Co., 1662)

James Ferrell (Talbot Co., 1730)

Guy Fitch (Calvert Co. 1674)

Nicholas Fountain(e) (Somerset Co., 1665)

Lloyd Ford Jr. (Baltimore Co., 1748*)

Thomas Ford (Baltimore Co., 1652)

Benjamin Fordham (Anne Arundel Co., 1703)

Jean Henri Fortineaux (Frederick Co., 1730)

Col. Gerard Fowke (Charles Co., 1662)

James Frisby (Cecil Co., 1650)

William Fuller (Anne Arundel Co., 1654)

John Gaither (Anne Arundel Co., 1702)

Richard Gardiner (St. Mary's Co., 1640)

Nicholas Gassaway (Anne Arundel Co., 1649)

Thomas Gerrard (St. Mary's Co., 1638)

Garvis Gilbert (Baltimore Co., 1723)

William Giles, Sr. (Somerset Co., 1672)

Christopher Gist (Baltimore Co., 1679)

Capt. James Given, Sr. (Somerset Co., 1687)

Robert Goldsborough (Dorchester Co., 1761)

Daniel Gookin (Anne Arundel Co., 1643)

Adrian Gordy (Somerset Co., 1682)

Charles Gorsuch (Baltimore Co., 1680)

William Grafton (Baltimore Co., 1725)

Col. Nicholas Greenberry (Anne Arundel Co., 1693)

Thomas Greenfield (Baltimore Co., 1678)

Thomas Greenfield (Baltimore Co., 1699)

James Greer (Baltimore Co. 1687)

William Griffith (Anne Arundel Co., 1675)

Richard Hall (Calvert Co., 1665)

John Hamer/Heymore (Talbot Co., 1670)

Elias Harding (Frederick Co., 1728)

James Harlan (Frederick Co., 1733)

Nicholas Harvey (St. Mary's Co., 1634)

Joseph Hawkins (Anne Arundel Co., 1665)

Ralph Hawkins (Anne Arundel Co., 1662)

William Hearne (Somerset Co., 1688)

Augustine Hermann (Cecil Co., 1661)

Augustine Herman (Cecil Co., 1670)

Augustine Herman (Cecil Co., 1686)

William Hitchcock (Baltimore Co., 1702)

William Hitchcock (Baltimore Co., 1716)

Anthony Holland (Anne Arundel Co. 1650)

George Hollingsworth (Cecil Co., 1712)

Henry Hollingsworth (Cecil Co., 1721)

Thomas Hollingsworth (Cecil Co., 1712)

Robert Hoplins I (Somerset Co., 1673)

Stephen Horsey, Sr. (Somerset Co., 1662)

Owen Humphrey (Frederick Co., 1755*)

Roger Hurley Sr. (Dorchester Co., 1668)

Roger Hurley (Dorchester Co., 1714)

Thomas Hutchins (Baltimore Co., 1685)

Captain John Hyde (Anne Arundel Co., 1690)

Col. Thomas Hynson (Kent Co., 1651)

John Ingram, Jr. (Kent Co., 1724)

Joseph Isaac (Calvert Co., 1682)

Thomas Jacks (Baltimore Co., 1717)

John Jacob (Anne Arundel Co., 1665)

John Jacob (Anne Arundel Co., 1674)

Mary James (Anne Arundel Co., 1685)

Richard James (Anne Arundel Co., 1669)

Lt. Col. John Jarboe (St. Mary's Co., 1646)

Griffin Johnson (Anne Arundel Co., 1734)

Capt. Griffith Johnson (Frederick Co., 1739*)

William Johnson (St. Mary’s Co., 1668)

Henry Keedy, Sr. (Frederick Co., 1755*)

Thomas Keene (Kent Co., 1642)

Robert Lake (Dorchester Co., 1714)

John Lamar (Calvert Co., 1690)

Thomas Lamar (Calvert Co., 1664)

Thomas Lamar, Sr. (St. Mary's Co., 1664)

Robert Lambdin (Talbot Co., 1663)

Corbin Lane (Baltimore Co., 1750*)

Dutton Lane (Anne Arundel Co., 1670)

Samuel Lane (Anne Arundel Co., 1670)

Samuel Lane, Jr. (Baltimore Co., 1736*)

Walter Lane Sr. (Somerset Co., 1688)

William Laws (Somerset Co., 1729)

Joseph L. LeMasters (Charles Co., 1670)

John Leonard, Sr. (Talbot Co., 1692)

John Lewgar, Sr. (Charles Co., 1628)

Thomas Linthicum, Sr. (Anne Arundel Co., 1658)

William Loftin (Baltimore Co., 1697)

William Logsdon (Baltimore Co., 1674)

William Logsdon (Baltimore Co., 1707)

Ambrose London (Somerset Co., 1665)

John Lovelace (Charles Co., 1689)

Samuel Luckett (Charles Co. 1674)

Robert Lusby (Anne Arundel Co., 1662)

Humberstone Lyon (Prince George Co., 1732)

David Mackelfish (Anne Arundel Co., 1693)

Cornelius Maddox (Charles Co., 1680)

Lazarus Maddox (Somerset Co. 1692)

Alexander Magruder (Prince George Co., 1653)

John Manley (Cecil Co., 1712)

Henry Maynard (Anne Arundel Co., 1702)

John MacCubbin (Anne Arundel Co., 1659)

Alexander Macgruder (Calvert Co., 1671)

Cornelius Maddox (Charles Co., 1680)

Lazarus Maddox (Somerset Co., 1692)

John Manley (Cecil Co., 1712)

William Marlo(we) (Charles Co., 1665)

William Marshall (Charles Co., 1665)

William Masters, Sr. (Calvert Co., 1691)

George Matthews (Frederick Co., 1731)

Henry Maynard (Anne Arundel Co., 1702)

Daniel McComas (Anne Arundel Co., 1689)

John Meads (Calvert Co., 1666)

John Medley (St. Mary's Co., 1637)

Robert Middleton (Charles Co., 1672)

Mary Miller (Anne Arundel Co., 1732)

Richard Minshall (Somerset Co., 1666)

Andrew Monroe, Sr. (St. Mary's Co., 1646)

James Moore (Prince George’s Co., 1697)

James Moore, Sr. (Prince George Co., 1671)

Patrick Moreland (Charles Co., 1707)

James Mullikin, Sr. (Dorchester Co. 1664)

James Mullikin (Calvert Co. 1658)

James Murray (Baltimore Co., 1692)

John Nichols (St. Mary's Co., 1648)

James Noell (Dorchester Co., 1659)

Pierce Noland (Cecil Co., 1686)

Pierce Noland (Charles Co., 1688)

Thomas Norris (St. Mary’s Co. 1639)

Thomas Norris, Sr. (Talbot Co., 1665)

Gov. Samuel Ogle (Anne Arundel Co., 1731)

Richard Owens (Baltimore Co., 1650)

Richard Owings I (Anne Arundel Co., 1698)

John Parker, Sr. (Somerset Co., 1692)

Thomas Parsons (Anne Arundel Co., 1663)

Thomas Pattison (Dorchester Co. 1688)

Flayle Payne (Prince George Co., 1727)

Thomas Payne (St. Mary’s Co. 1664)

Edward Penn (Anne Arundel Co., 1700)

Richard Perkins I (Baltimore Co., 1683)

John Phillips (Cecil Co., 1734)

Robert Phillips (Calvert Co., 1694)

Charles Pierpoint (Baltimore Co., 1729)

John Piggott (Cecil Co., 1718)

Thomas Pindell (Calvert Co., 1696)

Thomas Plummer (Anne Arundel Co. 1667)

Francis Posey (St. Mary's Co., 1649)

John Poston (Charles Co., 1703)

John Pottenger (Prince George Co., 1716)

William Powell (Somerset Co., 1673)

Elizabeth Powell Waters Jacks (Anne Arundel Co., 1696)

Aaron Allen Prather (Prince George’s Co., 1711)

Jonathan Prather (Calvert Co., 1658)

Thomas Prather, Sr. (Calvert Co. 1673)

Thomas Prather (Prince George Co., 1700)

Thomas Preston (Baltimore Co., 1667)

Thomas Price (St. Mary’s Co., 1634)

Capt. George Puddington (Anne Arundel Co., 1650)

Philip Rastin (Kent Co., 1707)

Richard Ratcliff (Talbot Co., 1691)

Benjamin Ricaud (Kent Co. 1674)

Charles Richardson I (Somerset Co., 1682)

Charles Richardson II (Worcester Co., 1726)

Robert Richardson (Somerset Co. 1666)

Henry Ridgely (Anne Arundel Co., 1661)

Col. Henry Ridgely (Anne Arundel Co., 1694)

Westall Ridgely (Anne Arundel Co., 1706)

William Ridgely (Anne Arundel Co., 1672)

Thomas Ringgold (Kent Co., 1650)

William Robinson (Baltimore Co., 1706)

Robert Rockhold (Calvert Co., 1651)

Nicholas Rogers (Baltimore Co. 1688)

James Ruark (Worcester Co., 1703)

John Ruark (Somerset Co., 1730)

Samuel Saffell (Anne Arundel Co., 1732)

William Sample (Kent Co., 1653)

John Sappington (Anne Arundel Co., 1698)

Daniel Scott I (Baltimore Co., 1696)

Daniel Scott II (Baltimore Co., 1728)

George Scroggins (Charles Co. 1665)

Daniel Selby (Somerset Co., 1671)

Edward Selby (Anne Arundel Co., 1651)

Henry Sewell (secretary to Lord Baltimore) (Talbot Co., 1665)

Thomas Sharp (Cecil Co., 1719)

William Sherrill (Charles Co., 1666)

William Sherrill (Cecil Co., 1685)

William Sherrill (Cecil Co., 1702)

Adam Shipley (Anne Arundel Co., 1668)

Abraham Short (Anne Arundel Co. 1706)

Isaac Short (Anne Arundel Co., 1739*)

John Short (Anne Arundel Co., 1732)

George Simmons (Anne Arundel Co., 1679)

Richard Simpson, Sr. (Anne Arundel Co., 1720)

William Sinkler (Prince George Co., 1702)

Col. James Smallwood (Charles Co., 1666)

James Smith (St. Mary's Co., 1726)

Richard Smith (Calvert Co., 1658)

Captain Thomas Smoot (Charles Co., 1688)

William Smoot (St. Mary’s Co. 1646)

Captain Richard Snowden (Anne Arundel Co., 1686)

Thomas Spalding I (St. Mary's Co., 1674)

Mrs. Ann Sparks (Frederick Co., 1730)

James Sparks (Frederick Co., 1752*)

Matthew Sparks (Frederick Co., 1730)

William Sparks (Queen Anne’s Co., 1662)

William Sparks (Talbot Co., 1662)

William Sparks (Queen Anne’s Co., 1725)

William Sparks, Sr. (Kent Co., 1662)

Zachariah Spencer (Baltimore Co., 1728)

Detmar Stansbury (Baltimore Co., 1659)

James Stavely (Kent Co., 1675)

John Sterling (Somerset Co., 1705)

Detmar Sternburg (Baltimore Co. 1659)

Robert Stewart (Baltimore Co., 1638)

Capt. Thomas Stockett (St. Mary's Co., 1661)

William Stone (Charles Co., 1648)

Gov. William Stone (St. Mary's Co., 1648)

Thomas Sturman (St. Mary’s Co., 1650)

Thomas Sutton (Anne Arundel Co., 1681)

Edward Swann (St. Mary's Co., 1657)

Nicholas Swormstedt (Queen Anne's Co., 1726)

Phillip Syng, Jr. (Anne Arundel Co., 1714)

Edward Talbott (Anne Arundel Co. 1659)

Richard Talbot (Anne Arundel Co., 1656)

John Tarkington, Jr. (Anne Arundel Co., 1688)

Benjamin Tasker (Anne Arundel Co., 1690)

John Taylor Sr. (Baltimore Co., 1659)

Edward Teague (Cecil Co., 1659)

Edward Teague (St. Mary's Co., 1672)

Edward Teague (Cecil Co., 1695)

Tracey Teague I (Prince George’s Co., 1699)

Tracey Teague II (Baltimore Co., 1732)

Edward Teal (Charles Co., 1682)

Abraham Tennison (St. Mary’s Co., c1676)

Abraham Tennison (St. Mary’s Co., 1717)

Christopher Thomas (Kent Co. 1637)

Christopher Thomas (Talbot Co., 1664)

Philip Thomas (Anne Arundel Co., 1667)

Richard Thompson (St. Mary's Co. (Kent Isle), 1631)

Naomy Thurman (Anne Arundel Co., 1706)

Gideon Tilghman (Somerset Co., 1681)

Jonathan Tipton (Baltimore Co., 1714)

Thomas Towson (Baltimore Co., 1720)

Henry Tripp (Dorchester Co., 1663)

Michael Troutman (Frederick Co., 1762*)

William Turpin (Somerset Co., 1681)

Pretitia Tydings (Baltimore Co., 1675)

Richard Tydings (Anne Arundel Co., 1659)

Robert Tyler (Calvert Co., 1663)

James Vaitche/Veitch (Calvert Co., 1653)

Jacob Isaaks Van Bebber (Cecil Co., 1704)

Garrit Van Sweringen (St. Mary’s Co. 1667)

Capt. Robert Vaughan (St. Mary’s Co., 1634)

Robert Wade (Anne Arundel Co., 1694)

Zachariah Wade (Charles Co., 1657)

Thomas Wall (Dorchester Co. 1682)

John Waller (Somerset Co., c1665)

Cornelius Ward (Somerset Co., 1722)

Capt. Richard Warfield (Anne Arundel Co., 1662)

Humphrey Warren (Charles Co. 1667)

Leonard Wayman (Anne Arundel 1688)

Richard Webb (Kent Co., 1650)

Edward Welborn (Baltimore Co., 1680)

Edward Welborn (Baltimore Co., 1701)

William Welborn (Baltimore Co., 1708)

Maj. John Welch (Anne Arundel Co., 1681)

Johan Jacob Weller (Frederick Co., 1738*)

Zorobabel Wells (Talbot Co., 1661/62)

Thomas West (Somerset Co., 1696)

George Westall (Anne Arundel Co., 1680)

Major John Wheeler (Charles Co., 1652)

Robert Whitaker (Prince George Co., 1724)

Guy White I (Calvert Co., 1666)

Stephen White (Anne Arundel Co., 1674)

David Wickliffe (St. Mary's Co., 1636)

George Willard (Baltimore Co., 1653)

Simon Wilmer (Kent Co., 1679)

Josiah Wilson (Calvert Co. 1689)

Mary Wood (Baltimore Co., 1760*)

Roger Woolford (Somerset Co., 1670)

John Worland (Charles Co. 1662)

John Worthington (Anne Arundel Co., 1686)

Nicholas Wyatt (d. abt. 1671-75)

Sewell Young (Anne Arundel Co., 1675)

William Young (Calvert Co., 1680)

Peter Youngblood (Prince George's Co., 1728)

NOTE: This is NOT a complete list of qualifying ancestors. Our mission is to identify as many qualifying ancestors as possible.

* These people are no longer qualifying ancestors since the requirement was changed to be in Maryland by December 31, 1734.


Maryland Facts & Worksheets

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Maryland is a state geographically located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States of America. It borders West Virginia, Washington D.C, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. It is named after Henrietta Maria of France, the wife of Charles I of England. The capital is Annapolis with Baltimore as the largest city. See the fact file below for more information about the state of Maryland or download our entire worksheet bundle to teach in the home or classroom environment.

• The state of Maryland is considered as one of the smallest states in America yet densely populated with 6 million residents as estimated in 2015, inhabiting 12,406.68 square miles total area.
• By the end of the 15th century, John Cabot a Venetian explorer sailed the coast of the present-day Worcester County. In 1634, the English made their first settlement in the now city of St. Mary after King Charles I of England named the territory after his wife.
• In 1645, Richard Ingle, an English tobacco trader, led a rebellion known as the Ingle’s Rebellion against the propriety government.
• The Maryland Christians were granted religious freedom through the Act of Religious Toleration after the Puritans of Virginia were invited in 1649. Maryland was then considered as the birthplace of religious freedom in America. The irony of this was seen after 15 years when a law was passed allowing slavery for life. At the end of the 17th century, it became a royal colony and Annapolis as the capital.

• In 1766, after the organization of the Sons of Liberty by the Thirteen Colonies, the non-importation of British goods was adapted by the merchants in Maryland along with the opposition to the Stamp Act. The Declaration of Independence soon followed wherein 4 Marylanders signed under. It became the 7th state of the union in 1788. In less than a decade, the importation of slaves for sale was prohibited allowing voluntary emancipation. Harriet Tubman, a leading abolitionist started rescuing other slaves in 1849 before it was abolished 15 years later.
• In 1861, the American Civil War broke out during President Abraham Lincoln’s liberal term. The Confederates at Antietam were defeated with 22,800 casualties wherein 4,800 deaths and 18,000 wounded.
• Four years later, John Wilkes Booth, a theater actor and a native of Maryland assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at the Ford’s Theatre. He opposed the abolition of slavery making him a conspirator in planning to initially kidnap the president. After 12 days of the murder incident, he was tracked down and got killed upon refusal to go with the authorities in charge.
• During the 1920s, women were granted the right to vote followed immediately by the election of the first woman at the House of Delegates in the name of Mary E.W Risteau.
• In 1942, a year after the bombing of the Japanese in Pearl Harbor destroying USS Maryland, the Blacks in Baltimore pushed for the representation in the public school board and they were granted desegregation 7 years after. While in 1967, Thurgood Marshall of Baltimore was named as the first African-American Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.
• By the 21st century, Maryland is known for the manufacturing industries including food, electronics, metal, and chemicals. Baltimore as the site of John Hopkins University and Hospital, and Annapolis where the U.S Naval Academy can be found. Some of its state symbols are Baltimore oriole (state bird), black-eyed Susan (state flower), white oak (state tree), and checkerspot butterfly (state insect).

Capital
Annapolis

Became a State
April 28, 1788 (7th)

Location
The southern United States

Area
12,407 sq. miles (42nd)

Population
5,773,552 (19th)

Major Cities
Baltimore, Annapolis, Bethesda, Cumberland

Products
commercial fishing, cucumbers, watermelons, sweet corn, tomatoes, musk melons, squash, peas, tobacco, mining

Climate
humid subtropical: hot, humid summers and short, mild to cool winters

Yearly Precipitation
averages 42 inches

Professional Sports Teams
Baltimore Ravens (National Football League)
Washington Redskins (National Football League)
Baltimore Orioles (Major League Baseball)

Major Waterways
Chesapeake Bay, Delaware River, Atlantic Ocean

Most Famous Citizens
Samuel Chase (Supreme Court Justice)
Billie Holiday (singer)
Francis Scott Key (lawyer, poet)
Thurgood Marshall (Supreme Court Justice)
Babe Ruth (baseball player)
Upton Sinclair (author)
Harriet Tubman (abolitionist)
Leon Uris (author)

State Symbols
Bird – Baltimore Oriole
Flower – Black-Eyed Susan
Animal – Chesapeake Bay Retriever (Dog)
Tree – White Oak
Insect – Checkerspot Butterfly

Maryland Worksheets

This bundle contains 9 ready-to-use Maryland Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about Maryland which is a state geographically located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States of America. It borders West Virginia, Washington D.C, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. It is named after Henrietta Maria of France, the wife of Charles I of England.

Download includes the following worksheets:

  • Maryland Facts
  • Picturing the Past
  • Beautiful Maryland
  • Antietam’s Struggle
  • Famous Citizens
  • Professional Sports Teams
  • Active Athletes
  • Maryland Counties Wordfind
  • State Symbols

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Use With Any Curriculum

These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.


As of March 8, 2021, we have added the final 27,690 records to complete our online Baltimore City Marriage License Index covering 1851-1914. The database has 243,638 marriage records. This Members Only index is designed to help you find/identify ancestors who obtained Marriage Licenses in Baltimore City between 1851 and 1914. The searchable electronic index contains names and dates from index cards in the Maryland State Archives Record Series CM205 (1851-1885) and Record Series T2426 (1886-1914). The original index cards are alphabetized by the name of the groom. Many of the original cards are out of order and hard to read. This MGS index provides the first searchable index to the names of brides, as well as grooms! We&rsquore pleased to announce our newest web site feature - the MGS Photo Vault. This image gallery contains photographs of 19th- and early 20th-century Marylanders. Over 100 photographs have been uploaded to date.

Watch the video: Mike Locksley after Howard win - Maryland Football 2021